Rising population along with the rapid expansion of industries has led to the development of advanced water management technologies such as desalination. Over the past few years, several countries across the world have undertaken water management initiatives, of which desalination has become an integral part. Although desalination is part of the water and wastewater treatment market, it has been developing independently of its parent market. Today, desalination is used not only in municipalities for treating wastewater but also for sourcing water from the underground reserves and oceans.
Desalination is one of the fastest water treatment methods being widely adopted across the world to address acute water scarcity issues in arid regions and drought hit areas. Depletion of freshwater resources and rising global population is expected to boost the necessity for development of alternative feedwater sources. Desalination market has shown significant growth over the recent years, owing to the growing scarcity of fresh water against the rapidly increasing population.
According to the International Water Technology Conference, effluents of desalination plants contain relatively highly concentrated water, which depends on the water recovery from the feed brine. In the case of seawater desalination, rejected brine is concentrated close to twice the original sea water solution. Although, owing to increasing research & development activities, desalination companies are focusing on reducing energy to make production more efficient. The gap between the available water resources and domestic, municipal and industrial demands is expected to reach 40% by 2030, and the number of people living in regions affected by severe hydric stress is expected to increase by 1 billion to 3.9 billion, out of the global population of 8.1 billion.
Middle East & Africa (MEA) is the desiccated region in the world comprising of only 1% of the freshwater resources in the world. Out of the total waste water generated in MEA, 43% of it is treated which is the highest among the developing countries. It is mainly because of the significance of wastewater as an important water resource due to the scarcity of water in this area. This region possesses the maximum opportunities for reuse and recycling of wastewater but only a few countries such as Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Egypt in the North Africa have successfully implemented wastewater reuse and treatment programs.
Global water desalination market gives a holistic view of the market from 2018 to 2028, which includes factors such as market drivers, restraints, opportunities and challenges. The market has been studied for historic years from 2018 to 2019, with the base year of estimation as 2020 and forecast from 2021 to 2028. The report covers the current status and future traits of the market at global as well as country level. In addition, the study also assesses the market based on porter's five forces analysis and positions the key players based on their product portfolio, geographic footprint, strategic initiatives and overall revenue. Prominent players operating in the global water desalination market have been studied in detail
Market players under the Tier-1 category include Veolia Environment S.A., Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, and Suez Environment. Aforementioned companies are the top players in the global desalination market that collectively accounted for a significant market share in 2018. Out of 140 countries where desalination process is currently applied, these top players account for significant presence with the focus on Middle East & African countries that rely on desalination up to a high extent.
Key Segments of the Global Water Desalination Market
Technology Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- Reverse Osmosis (RO)
- Multi Stage Flash Distillation (MSF)
- Multi Effect Distillation (MED)
- Electrodialysis (ED)
Source Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- Brackish Water
Regional Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- Central & South America
- Middle East
- Saudi Arabia
- Rest of Middle East
- Rest of Africa