The global water desalination market is estimated to be valued over USD 39 billion in 2028. Rising shortage of potable water which is used extensively for domestic and industrial purposes is expected to drive the market growth. Rising population along with the rapid expansion of industries has led to the development of advanced water management technologies such as desalination. Over the past few years, several countries across the world have undertaken water management initiatives, of which desalination has become an integral part.
Independent desalination plants are being installed along coastlines and near brackish groundwater reserves for purification of water. For instance, Eskom’s Koeberg nuclear power station located at Cape Town launched a mobile groundwater desalination plant, in February 2018, which will cater to the station’s water needs. Around the same time, Tsogo Sun, a Johannesburg-listed hotel company, announced plans to immediately construct its own desalination plant to provide its guests water protecting them from the drought crisis in Cape Town. Cape Town has been experiencing the worst drought in 100 years which has already lasted three years. Local authorities have turned to desalination processes as a counter-measure to fulfil its potable water supply.
Water Desalination Market Scope
|Forecast Unit||Value (USD)|
|Revenue forecast in 2028||USD 39 Billion|
|Segment Covered||Technology, Source, Regions|
|Regions Covered||North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Central & South America, Middle East & Africa|
|Key Players Profiled||Tier-1 category include Veolia Environment S.A., Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, and Suez Environment|
Key Segments of the Global Water Desalination Market
Technology Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- Reverse Osmosis (RO)
- Multi Stage Flash Distillation (MSF)
- Multi Effect Distillation (MED)
- Electrodialysis (ED)
Source Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- Brackish Water
Regional Overview, 2018-2028 (USD Billion)
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- Central & South America
- Middle East
- Saudi Arabia
- Rest of Middle East
- Rest of Africa
Reasons for the study
- The purpose of the study is to give an exhaustive outlook of the global water desalination market.
- With the growing water scarcity, the market is further expected to have a positive opportunity in near future.
What does the report include?
- The study on the global water desalination market includes qualitative insights such as drivers, restraints, challenges and opportunities
- Additionally, the market has been evaluated using the porter’s five forces analysis
- The study covers qualitative and quantitative analysis of the market segmented on the basis of technology, and source. Moreover, the study on water desalination market provides similar information for the key geographies.
- Actual market sizes and forecasts have been provided for all the above-mentioned segments
- The study includes the profiles of key players operating in the market with a significant global and/or regional presence
Who should buy this report?
- The report on the global water desalination market is suitable for all the players across the value chain including raw material providers, manufacturers, distributors, and other intermediaries
- Venture capitalists and investors looking for more information on the future outlook of the global water desalination market
- Consultants, analysts, researchers, and academicians looking for insights shaping the global water desalination market
As a result of global population growth, water demand is rising at twice the rate of its availability. In recent years, rapid industrialization and urbanization have resulted in the depletion of river basins and a lack of rainfall in densely populated areas. This unfavorable climatic scenario has accelerated efforts to find new and usable water supplies to meet the increasing demand for both human consumption and industrial applications. Furthermore, various water treatment systems are being used to recycle wastewater, reducing reliance on naturally accessible aquatic sources.
Desalination has become one of the fastest growing water treatment methods to be adopted for the production of clean potable water from seawater, brackish water, and groundwater saline sources. Use of desalination extends from clean water production to treatment of industrial wastewater effluents and discharges generated from sectors such as agriculture, paper & pulp, dairy, pharmaceutical, power generation, etc. According to a recent report, “Energy Efficient Desalination 2018”, presented at the 2018 International Water Summit held in Abu Dhabi, UAE, nearly 90 million cubic meter of water is desalinated on a daily basis at the global level.
On the basis of technology, the market is categorized into reverse osmosis, multi-stage flash distillation, multi effect distillation, hybrid, electrodialysis and others. Reverse osmosis segment dominates the global water desalination market with a share of more than 50% share in 2020 and is projected to dominate the industry over the forecast period. Reverse Osmosis technique is widely adopted by the industries and municipalities for seawater treatment. It is a membrane separation technique in which a semi-permeable membrane is used for separation of water molecules with dissolved salts. In a RO process, seawater is pre-treated first for removal of suspended solids. Then it is passed through high pressure through semi-permeable membrane in which water passes through and dissolved salts are separated by the membrane after which it is post treated in order to make it suitable for consumption purpose.
In North America, the factors responsible for the growth of water service market is the aging of waste water infrastructure coupled with insufficient wastewater treatment facilities and extremely high-water usage and depletion of the aquifer. Moreover, increase in demand for water in irrigation, agricultural and urban use leading to contamination of ground as well as surface water, impacts of climatic changes mainly resulting from the drought-like condition, inadequate control and monitoring of aquifers and energy extractions techniques like hydraulic fracturing and coal-bed methane.
The desalination industry was dominated by large scale firms. However, with the advent of energy and cost-efficient technologies such as reverse osmosis and hybrid, the success rate of desalination has risen tremendously. This has enabled the entry of a greater number of regional players in the global market has surged the intensity of rivalry. Significant government initiatives and increased foreign investments in developing and underdeveloped countries has propelled the construction rate of desalination facilities.
Market players under the Tier-1 category include Veolia Environment S.A., Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, and Suez Environment. Aforementioned companies are the top players in the global desalination market that collectively accounted for a significant market share in 2018. Out of 140 countries where desalination process is currently applied, these top players account for significant presence with the focus on Middle East & African countries that rely on desalination up to a high extent.