Precision medicine is all about finding an individual’s unique risks for any disease followed by the treatments that can possibly suit the same. Here are some of the methods that can be used under the precision medicine methodology:
- Via Family History of Healthiness: If an individual has a family history for specific type of disease, then that particular person has major chances of getting affected by the disease than anyone else. Information regarding one’s family health history might aid them as well as their doctor to take required steps to prevent the disease or early diagnosis. In certain cases, medical professionals recommend genetic counseling to aid in deciding whether to have a genetic testing for sickness that runs in the family.
- Screening for Diseases prior falling sick: Presently, all infants in the US are screened for some types of medical conditions immediately after their birth. Screening enables doctors to discover and treat the babies early if detected with any illness. In addition, infants born with certain newborn screening situations require particular type treatments that might include following a defined diet or taking treatments.
- Altering Prevention: A number of common diseases such as cancer as well as heart disease are born out of the combination of lifestyle and certain genetic factors. Nevertheless, quite a few people have hereditary conditions that make them more prone to catch a disease and these people might get benefited from targeted intercessions. For instance, females with a BRCA1 or else BRCA2 mutation are more prone of having breast or ovarian cancer, also males with a BRCA1 or else BRCA2 mutation have greater risk for some types of cancers.
- Altering Treatments: Some type of treatments only work over certain people with an illness. For instance, ivacaftor, a drug that is used for treating cystic fibrosis, merely works on patients where cystic fibrosis is caused by certain genetic variations. Similarly, certain people have versions of genes or in simple words gene variants that make them more prone to have unusual side effects from some medications. Testing such gene variants before taking any treatment might prevent from the harmful side effects.
- Discovering & Tracking Contagious Diseases: Investigating DNA of germs might help in tracking disease outbreaks when they happen. Doctors along with public health officials can more certainly discover that people’s sicknesses are instigated by germ. Exactly having the knowledge about which germ is making their patient ill might help doctors to determine the treatment that will be best suited to their patients. Moreover, research over precision medicine is only showing how this methodology can increase disease prevention as well as treatment.