An electric-vehicle battery is generally used to power the propulsion of battery electric vehicles. Vehicle batteries are usually a secondary battery. Traction batteries are used in electric golf carts, electric cars, trucks, vans, riding floor scrubbers, forklifts, and more.
With the limited supply of petroleum available, electric vehicles are in all likelihood the future of transportation. Moreover, a wide range of vehicles, from the high-end Tesla X all the way down to a simple electric scooter are powered by batteries rather than gasoline or diesel.
Providing the batteries to an electric vehicles and power them is one of the most challenging aspect of the vehicle’s engineering. Batteries used in electric vehicles are powerful enough to deliver sufficient horsepower as a conventional vehicle to hold the charge for a longer duration to make long-distance trips.
The expert squad of engineers have cleverly achieved a success designing batteries that can stand up to the challenges of running an electric vehicles on roads. In this piece of write-up we will learn about the types of batteries that are used in electric vehicles and explore the features and requirements that make them well-suited for the task.
Before we begin to explore the several type of batteries used in the electric vehicles, it’s important to keep the understanding on what type of vehicles they are going into. The 518 hp engine of Tesla Model X compulsorily requires an absolutely different battery to power it than an e-bike providing a top speed of 15 mph. However, batteries must be designed for both of these vehicles- with a set of features and requirements individually.
Following are the types of electric vehicles which have been powered by batteries:
Electric cars such as Tesla S, Tesla X, Chevy Bolt, Tesla Model 3, and more others has a standard bearer for electric vehicles. Moreover, these cars require an extra powerful batteries as compared to any other electric vehicles that can hold a charge for a long period of time and deliver sufficient acceleration. The batteries for electric cars has given liberty to provide a large size battery and horsepower to avoid low performance rate. The size and weight of the battery is always been a discussion to take care about.
E-bikes are considered as the popular type of electric vehicle. E bikes are cleverly designed as it augments human-power pedaling and holds an ability to climb hills and riding against a headwind which require to spend less energy on the part of the rider. E bikes requires more powerful batteries as compared to any other type of power electric vehicles but not as powerful as it exists in electric cars.
This electric scooters is much like a design of an e-bike. This electric vehicle efficiently rely on an electric motor to replace or supplement human power. Electric scoter is less powerful as compared to e-bikes, and gain more traction to design lightweight batteries that won’t add unnecessary bulk to the scooter.
Low speed transport vehicles are commonly powered by batteries. This allow them make no noise and weight lighter while providing sufficient power to transport passengers while running.
These three mentioned types of vehicles are the mostly preferred electric vehicles available in the market, no matter there is still a question to what the future holds in store for electric vehicles. As technology advances, there might be a potential opportunity to generate more innovation in electric vehicles to become common in routine life.
Lithium-ion Battery: Mostly preferred type of Electric Vehicle
A lithium-ion battery is a type of a common rechargeable batteries in which lithium ions cleverly move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharge to charging mode.
Today, lithium-ion batteries stands a default choice for personal electronics and specifically for electric cars as they can deliver a potential energy density than other technologies. In early 199s after many other leading companies such as Sony, lithium ion batteries was first entered the market commercially as a new battery technology. Now in today’s market scenario, lithium ion batteries are the most preferable choice for many applications, particularly in electric vehicle.
Lithium-ion batteries are basically rechargeable batteries specifically used for portable electronics, with a maximum energy density, low self-discharge, and no memory effect. Lithium ion batteries is witnessed a rapid growth electric battery vehicle, and aerospace applications.
Lead Acid Battery: Effective batteries of all time
The lead-acid battery is the old performer in the rechargeable batteries industry. It is labeled as the most popular and effective batteries used in electric vehicles. This innovation was tagged by a French physicist named Gaston Plante in 1859, and though as per the time period the design has changed fairly drastically as it has brought up with new technology and advancement over the years except the base principle of battery. Lead acid batteries operates by combining multiple 2.1 volt cells in series to produce 6.3 volt or 12.6 volt battery.
In today’s time, existing electric vehicles haven’t been around for a long as it holds promising innovations and advances in their design created till date. As the batteries have been increasingly a realistic possibility in the near future as it is boosting electric vehicles to become more efficient, powerful, durable, and lighter.