The electronics industry is rapidly booming as technologies, materials, and business models are constantly restructured to meet consumer demand. The demand for miniaturized, computing power, sustainable, improved connectivity, and encouraging innovations in this industry. The major concern area in the electronics industry is durability and sustainability as products with a short life are removed by consumers, which in turn increases electronics waste. To fix this issue, manufacturers are focusing on developing advanced materials to expand the life of electronic devices.
Advanced materials basically refer to a new material or the modification of the material. These materials generally hold superiority in features which can outperform traditional materials.
Following are the top advanced materials and technology in the electronic industry.
Quantum dots (QDs)
This is usually a tiny particle of a semiconductor material discovered in 1980. It efficiently offers unique electronic properties of bulk semiconductors and discrete molecules. Quantum dots produce several different colors options according to the size of a particle. QDs are anticipated to revolutionize TVs and electronics displays with low cost and high energy saving.
Flexible battery is compatible, and compact in use. It can be easily twisted or molded in any shape according to the requirement without any degradation in its quality and performance, to ensure superior functionality of the final product. It can retain its characteristics even when it is twisted, bent, or cut into parts.
Moreover, flexible batteries are durable, lightweight, unlike traditional rigid and bigger in size. These batteries generally made up of different materials, shapes, and size depending on the application to deliver optimum efficiency. These are different from conventional batteries in terms of features, form factor, size, shape, and flexibility.
Graphene is a two-dimensional carbon allotrope that is 200 times stronger than steel, flexible, extremely thin, ultra-light, and an efficient heat and light conductor. It is prepared by various manufacturing processes with exfoliation and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) being the most preferred processes.
Though graphene is a new technology and has a small share in the global advanced materials market, its unique properties make graphene a useful substitute for incumbent materials in various industrial applications such as electronics, composites, energy storage, coatings, sensors, and catalysts among others.
Silicon carbide (SiC)
Silicon carbide (SiC) is an exceptionally hard material that is found under the earth’s crust. SiC is used as an abrasive material for various industrial applications due to its hardness. It can be manufactured synthetically by blending petroleum coke and sand/silica under high temperature and pressure conditions.
SiC has various applications; it is used as a structural material in composite armor, armor plates in bulletproof vest, electric circuit, solar inverter, and battery charger; it has been used on a large scale in the electronics and semiconductors sectors for the past few decades.
A three-dimensional integrated circuit (3D IC)
A three-dimensional integrated circuit (3D IC) is a package with multiple layers of silicon wafers stalked together, along with electronic components using through-silicon vias (TSVs), while a 2.5-dimensional integrated circuit (2.5D IC) is a package with an active electronic components (for example, a die or a chip) stacked on an interposer through conductive bumps or TSVs.
The organic electronics for the study have been defined as products which are made of different organic materials such as semiconductor materials, dielectric materials, substrate materials, and conductive materials. Organic electronics can also be termed as printed electronics, plastic electronics, polymer electronics, flexible electronics, thin film, or large-area electronics. It is a relatively new class of electronics with a huge market potential in four key application areas, namely displays; lighting; photovoltaic; and integrated smart systems.
Organic electronics is an emerging technology that quickly moves from laboratories and research organizations to industrial players. The growth of the organic electronics market is primarily triggered by the introduction of technologically advanced applications at low cost. Also, organic electronics reduce some limitations of the traditional microelectronic production.
This are a specific minuscule allotropes of carbon having sizes to the scale of nanometers. The properties include physical, thermal, and electrical which make them a superior material for some end-use applications. Carbon nanotubes consists of a high tensile strength, ability to bear high working temperatures, and excellent electrical conductivity.
The CNTs application markets have made great breakthroughs and enabled nanotechnology to become one of the most sought-after technologies. However, this will increase the use of CNTs in emerging applications such as lithium batteries, fibers & composites, electronics, medicine, aerospace, chemical sensors, and defense.
A Biochip usually allows many tests to be performed with an increasing efficiency and higher speed to achieve effective output. Biochips have several vital applications in the field of protein analysis, diagnostics, toxicology, personalized medicine, and genetic analysis.